Although Market Information Systems (MIS) primarily target private sector (producers, traders and consumers), MIS should also provide to public authorities with information on market conditions, with the aim of helping decision-making in the areas of agricultural and food security policies. As a result, in the Sahelian countries repeatedly exposed to drought, MIS is participating in the more comprehensive food security information system, alongside Early Warning Systems (EWS), although their main objective remains the regulation of the market by information. To this end, the Livestock and Cereals MS collect regularly on the different types of markets, information on prices, supply, demand, exportable flows that they distribute to public and especially private actors (agricultural producers, professionals livestock, traders, and consumers). The information disseminated is meant to enhance the transparency of markets and help stakeholders in their decision-making. This should enable them to help reduce information asymmetries and transaction costs and improve individual decision-making and ultimately help rebalance forces between different actors.
LIVESTOCK MARKET INFORMATION SYSTEM
In general, livestock MIS had emerged in the aftermath of droughts and implemented in the six PRAPS countries (Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Islamic republic of Mauritania, Senegal and Chad) under bilateral and multilateral cooperation. In fact, it was unanimously agreed that livestock prices are relevant data to be taken into account for setting up an early warning system for pastoral crises and that they are good indicators of purchasing power of farmers and can be compared to those of the main cereals. The present data and information cover livestock in the six PRAPS countries and allows the dissemination of information.
SECOND GENERATION OF MARKET INFORMATION SYSTEM
To enable to the various Livestock MIS of PRAPS countries to exchange information among themselves and the rest of the world, an integrated electronic regional information sharing platform based on Cloud Computing has been set up.