The market is at the heart of policies and strategies for managing food and nutrition security issues. At both national and regional levels, public authorities are striving to better understand the functioning of markets for agricultural products, especially food products, in order to make decisions that guarantee the food and nutritional security of vulnerable populations in particular.
MARKET INFORMATION SYSTEM
Several market information systems have been deployed at both regional and national level. They function as watchdogs, while being designed to ensure market transparency and ensure their performance. It is mainly market information systems (SIM), called first generation, which are devices implemented in the 1980s in developing countries and particularly in Africa to break the information asymmetry characteristic of agricultural and livestock markets. However, over the years, this type of device has resulted in a mixed result that has been far below initial expectations.
SECOND GENERATION OF MARKET INFORMATION SYSTEM
With the advent of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), MIS has added value from existing innovations ranging from internet use to mobile phone use on the African continent. This technological leap allowed developing countries, particularly African countries, to introduce so-called second-generation SIMs. These could be developed thanks to improved media for collecting and disseminating information. This has made it possible to reach a much wider audience through mobile telephony, whose penetration rate is well above 50% in Sub-Saharan African countries. This movement was subsequently amplified by the growing interest of non-state organizations and the increased sophistication of the services offered, which are no longer limited to access to product prices. The Regional Program for Building Resilience to Food and Nutrition Insecurity in the Sahel (P2RS), implemented 2nd generation MIS in 4 countries and 2nd generation MIS at regional level.